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Venture Capital in Germany: Nothing ventured, nothing gained

by Alexander Fink, Fabian Kurz, Translated by Anna-Maria Kohnke    29 April 2020    0

N26, Celonis and Biontech are the most recent success stories of the German start-up scene. All three enterprises have collected higher sums of venture capital in the past year. As good as this news may be, however, the overall picture of the German venture capital scene is rather problematic. (...)

COVID-19 Responses Attempt to Pull Political Leaders Across Debt Mutualisation Red Lines

by Gordon Kerr, Cavin O’Driscoll with Enrico Colombatto    22 April 2020    0

In the past month, two new large liquidity injections have been announced. Firstly, a euros 750 billion Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme (PEPP) was launched to “expand the range of eligible assets under the corporate sector purchase programme (CSPP) and to ease the collateral standards.” (...)

How much of today’s inequality is unfair?

by IREF    20 April 2020    0

WP 2020-03. From a procedural perspective, an economic process is fair or unfair depending on the rules of the game and the shape of the income distribution is irrelevant. As a component of the Rule of Law, equality before the law is a necessary condition for fairness. Recognizing a higher (...)

New working paper: certified corona immunity as a resource

by IREF    15 April 2020    0

In a new IREF Working Paper, David Stadelmann (Bayreuth University and IREF) and his co-authors discuss how the corona epidemic can be made less burdensome. They focus on the role of those who are immune after recovering from the illness and do not pose any health risks to others. The authors (...)

The Riddle of Populism and Ideological Polarization: the Difficulty to Live Without Both

by Luigi Curini    8 April 2020    0

The literature has put forward two main arguments to explain the recent rise of populist parties and their electoral success. On the one hand, commentators have highlighted the rising level of uncertainty about the economy and grievances among the losers in global markets. Resentment, it is (...)

Packaging and the climate change

by Fabian Kurz, Translation by Anna-Maria Kohnke    1 April 2020    0

Online shopping is increasingly popular. According to a survey from 2019, almost 90 percent of 25- to 44-year-olds had ordered something online during the previous three months. Even half of those aged 65 or more confessed they shopped online. However, online shopping is also criticised for (...)

Certified Corona-Immunity as a Resource and Strategy to Cope with Pandemic Costs

by IREF    31 March 2020    0

WP 2020-02. A pandemic is not only a biological event and a public health disaster, but it also generates impacts that are worth understanding from a societal, historical, and cultural perspective. In this contribution, we argue that as the disease spreads, we are able to harness a valuable (...)

The twentieth anniversary of Euro and its weight as an international currency

by Sergio Beraldo    25 March 2020    0

When they introduced the euro, European governments were expecting that the new currency would rival the dollar on international markets. Twenty years later, the euro is still far behind on that account. A recent paper by Ethan Ilzetzki, Carmen M. Reinhart and Kenneth S. Rogoff (Why is the Euro (...)

Do Central Banks Intend to Launch Central Bank Digital Currencies?

by Gordon Kerr, Cavin O’Driscoll with Enrico Colombatto    18 March 2020    0

A substantial and growing amount of press attention has been devoted to the subject of Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) since last year’s announcement of Libra which spooked regulators at central banks who are petrified of losing control of the mint. Central banks have a mixed track (...)

New Working Paper: To whom do MPs cater?

by IREF    11 March 2020    0

The recent decision of the German Bundestag against the introduction of an opt out solution for organ donation has surprised many people. After all, the two leading health politicians of the coalition, CDU Health Minister Jens Spahn and SPD Health politician Karl Lauterbach, had publicly (...)

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