Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

IREF Europe - Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

Fiscal competition
and economic freedom


Kalle Kappner

Articles by this author (5) :

Mass Unemployment and Skilled Labour Shortage?

Mass Unemployment and Skilled Labour Shortage?Germany’s labour market is buzzing. The unemployment rate is currently close to 5%. Althoughthe business cycle could cool down in the near future, the trend is not expected to reverse course in the coming years. In the long run, however, pessimism dominates. As automation intensifies, many (...)

The Skilled Immigration Act: A Missed Opportunity

The Skilled Immigration Act: A Missed OpportunityFor several decades, labour market experts and economists have been advocating what now seems to become real: in 2020, Germany’s new immigration act will come into effect. The ‘Skilled Immigration Act’ is supposed to make immigration of qualified, non-EU citizens significantly easier. In the (...)

Representation in Democracies: Unequal and Unfair?

Representation in Democracies: Unequal and Unfair? In light of increasing income inequality and wealth inequality in many Western democracies, some social scientists believe that democracy is in jeopardy. Do the rich have a disproportionally high influence on political decisions – in contrast with the ideal of equal representation of all voters? (...)

Policy Paper: Asylum migration and barriers to labour market entry
Policy recommendations for easier access

Policy Paper: Asylum migration and barriers to labour market entryA successful integration of asylum migrants arriving in Europe will largely depend on their success on the European labour arket. In a new Policy Paper we investigate the labour market barriers faced by asylum migrants in Germany, France and the UK. We recommend a full elimination of barriers (...)

Do economists believe too much in the market?
Market failure is discussed more frequently than government failure

Do economists believe too much in the market? Economists are often accused (especially by other disciplines) of exaggerating the virtues of the market and of systematically downplaying the chances of a successful government intervention. In this view, economists are "market believers" and “state sceptics”, which is then reflected not only in (...)

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