Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

IREF Europe - Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

Fiscal competition
and economic freedom


EU Parliamentary Elections: An Assessment

EU Parliamentary Elections: An Assessment

Call for Papers

Call for Papers

Guidelines and Information


STEM Popularity in Germany – A Reason for Optimism

STEM Popularity in Germany – A Reason for Optimism

Will Monetary Union Become Fiscal Union? The Incoming New Personnel will Influence the Timing and Required Power Shifts.

Will Monetary Union Become Fiscal Union? The Incoming New Personnel will Influence the Timing and Required Power Shifts.


Property Taxes in OECD Countries

Property Taxes in OECD Countries

Eastern Europe 30 Years After Revolution

Eastern Europe 30 Years After Revolution


Latest publications

Can The Market Stop Populism?

Can The Market Stop Populism?The relationship between populism and market economy is problematic. Despite some important exceptions (e.g. President Donald Trump), populist parties (and candidates) quite often place themselves much closer to the pro-State extreme than to the pro-Market one. It is often argued that populist (...)

Taxing Artificial Intelligence
By Julian Arndts and Kalle Kappner

Taxing Artificial IntelligenceWP 2019-05.

To Follow Or Not To Follow The Herd? Transparency And Social Norm Nudges
By Elena Kantorowicz-Reznichenko and Jaroslaw Kantorowicz

To Follow Or Not To Follow The Herd? Transparency And Social Norm NudgesWP 2019-04.

Vehicle-Specific CO2 Emission Caps: An Outdated Policy Tool

Vehicle-Specific CO2 Emission Caps: An Outdated Policy ToolCO2 emission limits and targets are currently all over the news. For example, the European Union is gradually strengthening the environmental standards for new vehicles, with a view to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 60% by 2050. These emission targets, however, could be reached more (...)

The ECB Is Getting Out Of Kilter With The Federal Reserve

The ECB Is Getting Out Of Kilter With The Federal ReserveThe ECB is under twin pressures, both of which are only likely to increase. Firstly, with interest rates stuck at minus 0.4% ECB policy is diverging from Fed policy; secondly, problems with Europe’s banking look likely to be highlighted soon by the ECB’s Supervisory Board.
A) Interest Rate (...)

Freedom of the Press and the Rule of Law: A Necessary Marriage

Freedom of the Press and the Rule of Law: A Necessary MarriagePress freedom in Europe is more fragile now than at any time since the end of the Cold War». This pessimistic and rather surprising statement appears at the beginning of the 2019 Annual Report published by the Council of Europe, which is the continent’s leading human rights organisation, (...)

The Politicised Nature of European Competition Policy

The Politicised Nature of European Competition PolicyA merger between the German conglomerate Siemens and French rail firm Alstom was blocked by the European Commission at the beginning of February over concerns that the new European rail giant would raise costs to consumers and stifle competition in transport. Less than two weeks later, the (...)

Representation in Democracies: Unequal and Unfair?

Representation in Democracies: Unequal and Unfair? In light of increasing income inequality and wealth inequality in many Western democracies, some social scientists believe that democracy is in jeopardy. Do the rich have a disproportionally high influence on political decisions – in contrast with the ideal of equal representation of all voters? (...)

Synthetic Control and Extended Critics

Synthetic Control and Extended CriticsThe recent paper “20 Years of the Euro: Winners and Losers” by Gasparotti & Kullas estimates that the introduction of the euro increased the pro-capita income in Germany and the Netherlands, while it impoverished the other EMU members. Critics have poured on the statistical technique. In our (...)

More Euro Deepening – The Currency

More Euro Deepening – The CurrencyLatest Political Developments
Given the media’s focus on the March 29th Brexit date, the views of present and former EU political leaders captivated recent mainstream media. Former Italian prime minister Paolo Gentiloni called Brexit ‘the biggest mistake by a European country since the war’. (...)

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