Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

IREF Europe - Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

Fiscal competition
and economic freedom


How Will Europe Deal With Italian Fiscal Defiance?

How Will Europe Deal With Italian Fiscal Defiance?

Will Scotland's Price Floor do more Harm than Good?

Will Scotland’s Price Floor do more Harm than Good?


How Long is Long-Term Persistence?

How Long is Long-Term Persistence?

Karl Marx? I Knew Him Well...

Karl Marx? I Knew Him Well...


Euro Survival Depends Upon Federalization — Policy Options

Euro Survival Depends Upon Federalization — Policy Options

Buchanan's Social Contract Unveiled

Buchanan’s Social Contract Unveiled

By Enrico Colombatto


Latest publications

IREF’s Call for Research Projects

IREF's Call for Research Projects IREF is a free-market oriented think tank based in France. It promotes ideas, debates, events, and rigorous academic research. IREF supports research projects that lead to the production of original papers of academic quality of at least 7,000 words. This support is not a prize to published (...)

EU Trade Policies: Remove Trade Tariffs, Foster Global Trade

EU Trade Policies: Remove Trade Tariffs, Foster Global TradeWith martial rhetoric the US president Donald Trump is threatening with new trade barriers. Europeans follow a similar policy albeit at a more moderate tone. The European Union also imposes often hefty tariffs on steel and aluminium from China – the justifications are surprisingly similar. On (...)

The Cost of Regulatory Divergence on the Pharmaceutical Market

The Cost of Regulatory Divergence on the Pharmaceutical MarketSince the introduction of the Pharmaceutical Tariff Elimination Agreement in the early 2000’s, the trade of pharmaceutical goods between the EU and US has been conducted mostly without the hindrance of tariff barriers. While this has certainly been a step in the right direction for a freer (...)

Aging Populations and the Size of Government
by Ryan H. Murphy and Meg Tuszynski

Aging Populations and the Size of GovernmentWP 2018-04. Executive Summary.

What Impact Will The Open Banking Rules Have On Fintech’s Aspirations to Disrupt Traditional Banking?

What Impact Will The Open Banking Rules Have On Fintech's Aspirations to Disrupt Traditional Banking?Introduction
Given the tremendous success of technology companies in the last 15 years, nobody is surprised by the continuing enthusiasm among investors, entrepreneurs, and policymakers for disruptive financial technology (“fintech”). However, banking regulators and rule-makers have always (...)

Biofueled Unintended Consequences

Biofueled Unintended ConsequencesIn mid-January, the European Parliament voted a resolution to phase out the use of palm oil as a component of clean diesel by 2021. This is a ban only on one ingredient, all other diesel “cleaners” are not treated. In particular, the Parliament asked the Commission “to take measures to phase out (...)

Free People are Happier

Free People are HappierWhat defines a happy life is a very individual question. A look at the “World Happiness Report” still provides some clues on what makes humans happy: A long and healthy life, in relative wealth with family, reliable friends and self-determination. The conditions for this are again mainly given in (...)

Populinomics Italian Style

Populinomics Italian StyleAfter some months of amazing promises made by politicians pledging whatever might have warranted to them a parliamentary seat, the judgement day has finally come, as Italy’s general elections were held on March the 4th. Apparently, something like a tsunami materialised. In reality - however (...)

Gig Economy Regulations Will Hurt Consumers

Gig Economy Regulations Will Hurt ConsumersPrime Minister Theresa May recently announced the "Good Work Plan," legislation that specifically regulates gig-economy companies in response to the Taylor Review on modern working conditions published last year. The review, led by former Tony Blair advisor Matthew Taylor, aimed to ensure that (...)

An Appraisal of Sovereign Bond-Backed Securities

An Appraisal of Sovereign Bond-Backed SecuritiesDespite the widely held view that the European sovereign debt crisis, and the euro itself, have been stabilized, we are not alone in the opinion that the deep problems not only remain but have probably been exacerbated by the ECB’s actions. Far from being addressed, these problems have only (...)

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