Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

IREF Europe - Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

Fiscal competition
and economic freedom


Paralysis and Circularity at the ECB

Paralysis and Circularity at the ECB

Why do central bankers tend to get it wrong?

Why do central bankers tend to get it wrong?


Mass Unemployment and Skilled Labour Shortage?

Mass Unemployment and Skilled Labour Shortage?

The Skilled Immigration Act: A Missed Opportunity

The Skilled Immigration Act: A Missed Opportunity


The contractual approach to welfare policy design

The contractual approach to welfare policy design

Organ Donations and Transplants. Should we accept to be nudged towards better choices?

Organ Donations and Transplants. Should we accept to be nudged towards better choices?


Latest publications

New Working Paper: Taxing Artificial Intelligences

New Working Paper: Taxing Artificial IntelligencesIn the new IREF working paper “Taxing Artificial Intelligences”, Julian Arndts and Kalle Kappner analyse the fiscal implications of the presence of artificial-intelligence (AI) machines in the production processes.

So different, yet so alike (to Donald Trump?) The 2019 Democratic Primaries on Twitter

So different, yet so alike (to Donald Trump?) The 2019 Democratic Primaries on TwitterAfter the incredible Republican presidential primaries opened the path to the surprising, to say the least, Donald Trump Presidency in 2016, today the Democracy Party is involved in a quite similar situation. While three years ago there were 17 candidates at the Republican primaries (5 of them (...)

Facebook’s Libra; will it test the new ECB chief Christine Lagarde?

Facebook's Libra; will it test the new ECB chief Christine Lagarde?Facebook’s greatest recent challenge has been the fading of its brand. A veritable slew of newer social media platforms are cooler and more trendy than Fb, which now languishes in popular esteem as the social platform of choice for the out of touch greying generations, rather than youngsters. (...)

The flirtation with illiberalism

The flirtation with illiberalismWhile all of the former socialist economies have liberalised and strengthened their markets over the past two decades, they have failed to strengthen the rule of law (see Table 1). Under socialism, legal systems are not designed to protect the rights of individuals. Instead, they serve the (...)

High Standards: Curse or Blessing?

High Standards: Curse or Blessing?Over the last few decades, our living standards have improved significantly. Today, cars are technologically sophisticated, apartments are comfortable, and pharmaceuticals are safer. The working of the markets has enhanced technological progress. Yet, technology does not progress linearly. (...)

The Authoritarian Push for Tighter and More Centralised Banking Regulations

The Authoritarian Push for Tighter and More Centralised Banking RegulationsReuters reported in May that “The European Commission is working on its biggest regulatory push on banking since the 2008 financial crash that could curb Britain’s access to the bloc”. According to Reuter’s account, the document outlines three areas which the Commission seeks to reform: bank (...)

EU Parliamentary Elections: An Assessment

EU Parliamentary Elections: An AssessmentDespite plenty of terrifying predictions about populist coalition victory and its consequences, the latest European election provided a rather different outcome. No tsunami materialized, no earthquake. Nothing that would wipe-out the political equilibrium at the heart of the European Union as (...)

Call for Papers
Guidelines and Information

Call for PapersIREF is a free-market oriented think tank. It promotes ideas, events, and academic research.
With regard to research, IREF supports original projects that lead to the production of papers of academic quality of at least 7,000 words. This support is not a prize to published work, nor is it an (...)

STEM Popularity in Germany – A Reason for Optimism

STEM Popularity in Germany – A Reason for OptimismGerman chancellor Angela Merkel recently expressed concerns over Germany’s and Europe’s technological competitiveness. Others voiced doubts about Germany’s tech future, too. One of the reasons mentioned more frequently to justify this pessimism is the shortage of skilled labour. As a result, calls (...)

Will Monetary Union Become Fiscal Union? The Incoming New Personnel will Influence the Timing and Required Power Shifts.

Will Monetary Union Become Fiscal Union? The Incoming New Personnel will Influence the Timing and Required Power Shifts.Personnel changes are afoot, both of Central Bankers and Politicians. ECB President Draghi will step down at the end of October when his eight-year term expires. Half the ECB Governing Board will also be replaced at the same time. Bank of England Governor Mark Carney’s term expires at the end (...)

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