Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

IREF Europe - Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

Fiscal competition
and economic freedom


The contractual approach to welfare policy design

The contractual approach to welfare policy design

Organ Donations and Transplants. Should we accept to be nudged towards better choices?

Organ Donations and Transplants. Should we accept to be nudged towards better choices?


New Working Paper: Taxing Artificial Intelligences

New Working Paper: Taxing Artificial Intelligences

So different, yet so alike (to Donald Trump?) The 2019 Democratic Primaries on Twitter

So different, yet so alike (to Donald Trump?) The 2019 Democratic Primaries on Twitter


Facebook's Libra; will it test the new ECB chief Christine Lagarde?

Facebook’s Libra; will it test the new ECB chief Christine Lagarde?

The flirtation with illiberalism

The flirtation with illiberalism


Latest publications

High Standards: Curse or Blessing?

High Standards: Curse or Blessing?Over the last few decades, our living standards have improved significantly. Today, cars are technologically sophisticated, apartments are comfortable, and pharmaceuticals are safer. The working of the markets has enhanced technological progress. Yet, technology does not progress linearly. (...)

The Authoritarian Push for Tighter and More Centralised Banking Regulations

The Authoritarian Push for Tighter and More Centralised Banking RegulationsReuters reported in May that “The European Commission is working on its biggest regulatory push on banking since the 2008 financial crash that could curb Britain’s access to the bloc”. According to Reuter’s account, the document outlines three areas which the Commission seeks to reform: bank (...)

EU Parliamentary Elections: An Assessment

EU Parliamentary Elections: An AssessmentDespite plenty of terrifying predictions about populist coalition victory and its consequences, the latest European election provided a rather different outcome. No tsunami materialized, no earthquake. Nothing that would wipe-out the political equilibrium at the heart of the European Union as (...)

Call for Papers
Guidelines and Information

Call for PapersIREF is a free-market oriented think tank. It promotes ideas, events, and academic research.
With regard to research, IREF supports original projects that lead to the production of papers of academic quality of at least 7,000 words. This support is not a prize to published work, nor is it an (...)

STEM Popularity in Germany – A Reason for Optimism

STEM Popularity in Germany – A Reason for OptimismGerman chancellor Angela Merkel recently expressed concerns over Germany’s and Europe’s technological competitiveness. Others voiced doubts about Germany’s tech future, too. One of the reasons mentioned more frequently to justify this pessimism is the shortage of skilled labour. As a result, calls (...)

Will Monetary Union Become Fiscal Union? The Incoming New Personnel will Influence the Timing and Required Power Shifts.

Will Monetary Union Become Fiscal Union? The Incoming New Personnel will Influence the Timing and Required Power Shifts.Personnel changes are afoot, both of Central Bankers and Politicians. ECB President Draghi will step down at the end of October when his eight-year term expires. Half the ECB Governing Board will also be replaced at the same time. Bank of England Governor Mark Carney’s term expires at the end (...)

Property Taxes in OECD Countries

Property Taxes in OECD Countries There is no doubt that wealth mirrors taxpayers’ ability to pay better than other measures such as income. There is also no doubt that private wealth is much more unequally distributed than income, and that the dispersion in the distribution of wealth has been increasing in recent decades. (...)

Eastern Europe 30 Years After Revolution

Eastern Europe 30 Years After RevolutionIn 1989, revolutions began sweeping across Eastern Europe. Communism was counting down its final days and what would soon be the end of the Iron Curtain. Eastern European economies were on the verge of leaving socialism behind and welcoming a market economy. Thirty years later, public policies (...)

Can The Market Stop Populism?

Can The Market Stop Populism?The relationship between populism and market economy is problematic. Despite some important exceptions (e.g. President Donald Trump), populist parties (and candidates) quite often place themselves much closer to the pro-State extreme than to the pro-Market one. It is often argued that populist (...)

Taxing Artificial Intelligence
By Julian Arndts and Kalle Kappner

Taxing Artificial IntelligenceWP 2019-05.

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