Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

IREF Europe - Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

Fiscal competition
and economic freedom


An Open Letter Opposing Emmanuel Macron's Project for Europe

An Open Letter Opposing Emmanuel Macron’s Project for Europe

Signed by 154 German Economists Regarding Fiscal Harmonization and Financial Union

The BIS Takes Aim At Cryptocurrencies:

The BIS Takes Aim At Cryptocurrencies:

Do They Understand The Economics Of Cool?


The Need for Devolution to Address the UK's Transport Sector Crisis

The Need for Devolution to Address the UK’s Transport Sector Crisis

Hospital Budget Constraint(s) and Patients' Mobility: Evidence from Lombardy

Hospital Budget Constraint(s) and Patients’ Mobility: Evidence from Lombardy

by Paolo Berta, Carla Guerriero, and Rosella Levaggi


The High Cost of GDPR is Already Apparent

The High Cost of GDPR is Already Apparent

Social Responsibility: Compulsory Voluntarism?

Social Responsibility: Compulsory Voluntarism?


Latest publications

How Will Europe Deal With Italian Fiscal Defiance?

How Will Europe Deal With Italian Fiscal Defiance?Background to the looming standoff between Italy and the ECB
Italy’s new government continues to confirm its commitment to fiscal policies which have triggered sensationalist reports in mainstream media questioning whether Italy can remain a Eurozone country. The alliance between Italy’s 5 (...)

Will Scotland’s Price Floor do more Harm than Good?

Will Scotland's Price Floor do more Harm than Good?Scotland has recently imposed a price-floor on all alcoholic products, requiring retailers to charge at least £0.50 per unit (equal to 8g of pure alcohol, according to the UK government). The intention behind this imposition is to restrict the affordability of cheap, highly alcoholic drinks, in (...)

How Long is Long-Term Persistence?

How Long is Long-Term Persistence?A paper by economists Luigi Guiso, Paola Sapienza and Luigi Zingales (GSZ) has recently made headlines and received widespread approval within the academic community. Their contribution, titled Long-term Persistence, provides the empirical test of a hypothesis put forward in 1993 by American (...)

Karl Marx? I Knew Him Well...

Karl Marx? I Knew Him Well...On this 5th of May, the author of the Capital would have blown his 200 candles. Embittered by the communism theorist’s admirers, Nicolas Lecaussin explains how his idea was contradicted by facts.
A Romanian who became French, Bogdan Călinescu lived his adolescence under Ceaușescu’s dictatorship. (...)

Euro Survival Depends Upon Federalization — Policy Options

Euro Survival Depends Upon Federalization — Policy OptionsDespite our regular reports highlighting some of the challenges facing those tasked with managing the euro, public concern about government debt levels appears to have subsided to its lowest level since 2008. This low level of public awareness is due to a combination of factors; the natural (...)

Buchanan’s Social Contract Unveiled
By Enrico Colombatto

Buchanan's Social Contract UnveiledWP 2018-05. Executive Summary.

IREF’s Call for Research Projects

IREF's Call for Research Projects IREF is a free-market oriented think tank based in France. It promotes ideas, debates, events, and rigorous academic research. IREF supports research projects that lead to the production of original papers of academic quality of at least 7,000 words. This support is not a prize to published (...)

EU Trade Policies: Remove Trade Tariffs, Foster Global Trade

EU Trade Policies: Remove Trade Tariffs, Foster Global TradeWith martial rhetoric the US president Donald Trump is threatening with new trade barriers. Europeans follow a similar policy albeit at a more moderate tone. The European Union also imposes often hefty tariffs on steel and aluminium from China – the justifications are surprisingly similar. On (...)

The Cost of Regulatory Divergence on the Pharmaceutical Market

The Cost of Regulatory Divergence on the Pharmaceutical MarketSince the introduction of the Pharmaceutical Tariff Elimination Agreement in the early 2000’s, the trade of pharmaceutical goods between the EU and US has been conducted mostly without the hindrance of tariff barriers. While this has certainly been a step in the right direction for a freer (...)

Aging Populations and the Size of Government
by Ryan H. Murphy and Meg Tuszynski

Aging Populations and the Size of GovernmentWP 2018-04. Executive Summary.

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