Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

IREF Europe - Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

Fiscal competition
and economic freedom


Synthetic Control and Extended Critics

Synthetic Control and Extended Critics

More Euro Deepening – The Currency

More Euro Deepening – The Currency


Financial vs Business: What Cycle Comes First?

Financial vs Business: What Cycle Comes First?

The Consequences of Future ECB Policies for Banking

The Consequences of Future ECB Policies for Banking


Brexit Exposes The Hidden Costs Of Tariffs

Brexit Exposes The Hidden Costs Of Tariffs

Paris At Loggerheads With Rome As European Parliamentary Elections Approach

Paris At Loggerheads With Rome As European Parliamentary Elections Approach


Latest publications

The Solitude of Neoliberalism

The Solitude of NeoliberalismSo-called "neoliberalism" is nowadays more often than ever the scapegoat of anything wrong happening in contemporary democracies: from economic crisis to increase inequality, from the rise of populism to environmental catastrophes. Those who criticise it assume that support for laissez-faire (...)

European Union’s Disastrous Digital Services Tax

European Union's Disastrous Digital Services TaxOver the last few months of 2018, several European Union member states intensified their opposition to a proposed Digital Services Tax (DST), also known as the “Google Tax”. Yet, these efforts have not prevented the campaign to further damage the EU’s innovation ecosystem. As more pro-innovation (...)

Mandatory Year of Service: Coerced Community?

Mandatory Year of Service: Coerced Community?“This state is not for free,” said the recently-elected leader of the Christian Democratic Union, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, promoting a mandatory year of service in the military or in the social sector for all 18-25 year-olds. The idea seems well-received among the population: a survey by (...)

The Reassessed OECD Jobs Strategy Revisited

The Reassessed OECD Jobs Strategy RevisitedThe OECD Jobs Strategy was launched in 1994 in response to high and persistent unemployment in the member countries. Although unevenly spread across the labour force, at the time unemployment was indeed perceived as the main policy challenge facing the advanced countries.
The Jobs Strategy (...)

The EU To Push For EMU Deepening After May Elections

The EU To Push For EMU Deepening After May ElectionsWith little fanfare, the Eurogroup of 19 Eurozone finance ministries published in December its report detailing progress on how to strengthen and deepen the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). Written in dry bureaucratic language, the Report Summary hardly appeared on the radar screens of (...)

Trade Liberalisation: The Challenge of Non-Tariff Barriers

Trade Liberalisation: The Challenge of Non-Tariff BarriersThe latest tariff debate between the United States and China, and between the US and the European Union, could give the impression that tariffs are the only impediment to global trade. Yet, trade flows are also burdened by other, far less transparent, measures: non-tariff barriers. Indeed, the (...)

Game of Thrones: Italian Style

Game of Thrones: Italian StyleIn less than 25 years, the Italian political system has experienced three watershed elections, an unmatched record among most (if not all) Western European democracies. In 1994, the entire Italian political galaxy, which had been dominated by Christian Democracy party for almost 50 years, (...)

Sugden’s Response to Behavioural Paternalism

Sugden's Response to Behavioural PaternalismThe Community of Advantage by Robert Sugden has just been published by Oxford University Press. The author is a professor at the University of East Anglia, a member of the British Academy, and an influential economist. In his youth, influenced by Nobel Prize winner James Buchanan, Sugden worked (...)

The Effectiveness of MIFID II After 11 Months

The Effectiveness of MIFID II After 11 MonthsBackground to MIFID, MIFIR and EMIR
Version 2 of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MIFID II) is a particularly important piece of recent European Law due to the extent and scale of its impacts on professionals operating in capital markets. MIFID II was enacted in 2014, and the (...)

The Economics of Donald Trump’s Twitter Account

The Economics of Donald Trump's Twitter AccountUS President Donald Trump’s (in)famous tweet-storms have been used as anecdotal evidence of his volatility, anger, etc., but they are also an important source of policy information. After all, it has been repeatedly noted how Trump uses social media, particularly Twitter, as a way of addressing (...)

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