Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

IREF Europe - Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

Fiscal competition
and economic freedom


The twentieth anniversary of Euro and its weight as an international currency

The twentieth anniversary of Euro and its weight as an international currency

Do Central Banks Intend to Launch Central Bank Digital Currencies?

Do Central Banks Intend to Launch Central Bank Digital Currencies?


New Working Paper: To whom do MPs cater?

New Working Paper: To whom do MPs cater?

Happiness, populist parties and the virtue in the middle

Happiness, populist parties and the virtue in the middle


Adjusting to Climate Change: Markets help

Adjusting to Climate Change: Markets help

The European Stability Mechanism is Critical to the Future Functioning of the Euro

The European Stability Mechanism is Critical to the Future Functioning of the Euro


Latest publications

The unintended consequences of coronavirus

The unintended consequences of coronavirusA new type of virus is holding the world in suspense by evoking images of the worst Hollywoodian nightmares. It is known that it spread out of Wuhan, the capital of Hubei province, China, and then quickly propagated throughout mainland China, at least for the moment. The mortality rate of this (...)

Limits to profit as limits to freedom: law and public policy considerations

Limits to profit as limits to freedom: law and public policy considerationsSome time ago, the story of Martin Shkreli, an entrepreneur who made the news as a candidate for "the most hated man in America" (thus the BBC), caused a stir: he bought the intellectual property rights needed to produce a life-saving anti-AIDS drug, and immediately afterwards raised the price (...)

Nationalist and cosmopolitan positions about immigration

Nationalist and cosmopolitan positions about immigration As shown in Peter Higgins’ book “Immigration Justice”, two distinct positions dominate the immigration debate. The nationalist position assumes that states should favor the interests of their own citizens over those of foreigners. By contrast, the cosmopolitan position claims that residents are (...)

Immigration, tolerance and identity

Immigration, tolerance and identityA few weeks ago, the bodies of 39 people were found in a lorry trailer in Essex. They were Vietnamese migrants, including eight women, three boys and twenty-eight men. The eldest victim was 44, the youngest 15. This was just one in a series of dreadful events that have occurred in Europe over (...)

Who is the ultimate boss of legislators: Voters, special interest groups or parties?
By David Stadelmann and Gustavo Torrens

Who is the ultimate boss of legislators: Voters, special interest groups or parties?WP 2020-01.

The Brydon Report on Audit. Will Banks’ Financial Statements Become More Reliable?

The Brydon Report on Audit. Will Banks' Financial Statements Become More Reliable?Sir Donald Brydon, former Chairman of the London Stock Exchange, published just before Christmas his wide-ranging review of the UK audit industry. This is likely to have significant ramifications for bank financial reporting throughout Europe because (with only a few national opt outs) (...)

MiFID II: Too much consumer protection?

MiFID II: Too much consumer protection?The recently updated European Markets in Financial Instruments Directive, commonly abbreviated as MiFID II, is supposed to enhance consumers’ protection. Adjustments of regulatory background questions aside, the EU aims to improve “protection of investors by prohibiting the acceptance of (...)

Cost-benefit analysis is less than satisfactory. Yet, the alternatives are probably worse

Cost-benefit analysis is less than satisfactory. Yet, the alternatives are probably worseCost-benefit analysis is far from being a perfect tool. In particular, the subjective nature of costs and benefits makes all calculations arbitrary. Thus, it may happen that policymakers take bad decisions even when applying the best methodology. Yet, the world of politics requires that (...)

Germany Remains Firmly Opposed to Banking Union

Germany Remains Firmly Opposed to Banking UnionIn November, Germany’s Finance Minister Olaf Scholz wrote an article in the Financial Times claiming that he had devised a common European Deposit Insurance Scheme (EDIS) [1] that could be acceptable to both sides of the hitherto gridlocked debate. Mr Scholz also circulated a document which he (...)

It’s the ideology, stupid! Journalists, citizens, and the declining trust in the news

It's the ideology, stupid! Journalists, citizens, and the declining trust in the newsOver the years, we have witnessed a general decline in the level of trust in the news as recorded by the general public. For example, according to the latest Reuters Institute Digital News Report, the average level of trust in the news is down 2 percentage points to 42%, with peaks such as -11 (...)

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