Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

IREF Europe - Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

Fiscal competition
and economic freedom


Karl Marx? I Knew Him Well...

Karl Marx? I Knew Him Well...

Euro Survival Depends Upon Federalization — Policy Options

Euro Survival Depends Upon Federalization — Policy Options


Buchanan's Social Contract Unveiled

Buchanan’s Social Contract Unveiled

By Enrico Colombatto

IREF's Call for Research Projects

IREF’s Call for Research Projects


EU Trade Policies: Remove Trade Tariffs, Foster Global Trade

EU Trade Policies: Remove Trade Tariffs, Foster Global Trade

The Cost of Regulatory Divergence on the Pharmaceutical Market

The Cost of Regulatory Divergence on the Pharmaceutical Market


Latest publications

Aging Populations and the Size of Government
by Ryan H. Murphy and Meg Tuszynski

Aging Populations and the Size of GovernmentWP 2018-04. Executive Summary.

What Impact Will The Open Banking Rules Have On Fintech’s Aspirations to Disrupt Traditional Banking?

What Impact Will The Open Banking Rules Have On Fintech's Aspirations to Disrupt Traditional Banking?Introduction
Given the tremendous success of technology companies in the last 15 years, nobody is surprised by the continuing enthusiasm among investors, entrepreneurs, and policymakers for disruptive financial technology (“fintech”). However, banking regulators and rule-makers have always (...)

Biofueled Unintended Consequences

Biofueled Unintended ConsequencesIn mid-January, the European Parliament voted a resolution to phase out the use of palm oil as a component of clean diesel by 2021. This is a ban only on one ingredient, all other diesel “cleaners” are not treated. In particular, the Parliament asked the Commission “to take measures to phase out (...)

Free People are Happier

Free People are HappierWhat defines a happy life is a very individual question. A look at the “World Happiness Report” still provides some clues on what makes humans happy: A long and healthy life, in relative wealth with family, reliable friends and self-determination. The conditions for this are again mainly given in (...)

Populinomics Italian Style

Populinomics Italian StyleAfter some months of amazing promises made by politicians pledging whatever might have warranted to them a parliamentary seat, the judgement day has finally come, as Italy’s general elections were held on March the 4th. Apparently, something like a tsunami materialised. In reality - however (...)

Gig Economy Regulations Will Hurt Consumers

Gig Economy Regulations Will Hurt ConsumersPrime Minister Theresa May recently announced the "Good Work Plan," legislation that specifically regulates gig-economy companies in response to the Taylor Review on modern working conditions published last year. The review, led by former Tony Blair advisor Matthew Taylor, aimed to ensure that (...)

An Appraisal of Sovereign Bond-Backed Securities

An Appraisal of Sovereign Bond-Backed SecuritiesDespite the widely held view that the European sovereign debt crisis, and the euro itself, have been stabilized, we are not alone in the opinion that the deep problems not only remain but have probably been exacerbated by the ECB’s actions. Far from being addressed, these problems have only (...)

Unconditional Basic Income: Experimental Findings so far

Unconditional Basic Income: Experimental Findings so farThe unconditional basic income became subject of a heated debate recently. Across ideological borders there are supporters and opponents. The possible consequences of its introduction are controversial. Critics are afraid that people would reduce the amount of their paid work and hence (...)

Is Nudging Against Individual Autonomy?

Is Nudging Against Individual Autonomy?It recently became known that there were less than 800 organ donors in Germany in 2017 – 65 percent less than in 2007. Whenever such numbers are published, it is highlighted that contrary to the Netherlands, in Germany individuals do not become organ donors automatically unless they explicitly (...)

New Guidelines on Snacking: Another Unnecessary Interference

New Guidelines on Snacking: Another Unnecessary InterferenceToday, in England nearly a third of the children aged between 2 and 15 years old are either overweight or obese and younger generations are becoming obese at earlier ages and staying obese for longer, according to the Survey for England by Health and Social Care Information Centre. In order to (...)

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