Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

IREF Europe - Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

Fiscal competition
and economic freedom


New Guidelines on Snacking: Another Unnecessary Interference

New Guidelines on Snacking: Another Unnecessary Interference

The fatal profit of the Swiss National Bank

The fatal profit of the Swiss National Bank


The miraculous multiplication of loaves and fishes in the Italian electoral campaign

The miraculous multiplication of loaves and fishes in the Italian electoral campaign

The Looming Crisis in the Private Provision of Public Services

The Looming Crisis in the Private Provision of Public Services

Close Parallels with the Systemic Failure of Banks


IREF Workshop in Vienna 8th March 2018

IREF Workshop in Vienna 8th March 2018

IREF and Austrian Economics Centre

Problems with Oxfam's Inequality Report

Problems with Oxfam’s Inequality Report


Latest publications

Donald Trump’s Tax Cuts Show the Importance of Tax Competition

Donald Trump's Tax Cuts Show the Importance of Tax CompetitionThe US economy has for years suffered because of its corporate tax rate, which has sat consistently among the world’s highest at 35%. In attempts to escape this punitive rate, US companies such as Apple have relocated their headquarters to countries like Ireland, who have seized the opportunity (...)

An Impossibility Result on Nudging Grounded in the Theory of Intentional Action
by Sergio Beraldo

An Impossibility Result on Nudging Grounded in the Theory of Intentional ActionWP 2018-01. Executive summary.

Can a new tax save the NHS?

Can a new tax save the NHS?Every winter, the media comment on the challenges that the NHS faces during the cold season. We have reported on this in the past, and 2018 is no different. The system cannot access enough resources, including nurses and young doctors, and hospitals are overcrowded. The Government seems to (...)

Our Outlook for 2018
Interest Rates To Stay Low. The Consensus View is that Europe’s Banks are Recovering but we are Not So Sure.

Our Outlook for 2018The Interest Rate Outlook
Despite their shortcomings, European banks do not seem on the verge of collapse and few commentators, analysts or policymakers think that there will be any systemic wobbles in 2018. We do not necessarily disagree; with ECB interest rates still zero to negative and a (...)

Between a Rock and a Hard Place
Securing the Northern Irish Economy post-Brexit

Between a Rock and a Hard PlaceNorthern Ireland has been in a precarious political situation ever since the partition of Ireland in the 1920’s. Years of political instability, paramilitary warfare, and social divides have left the region uniquely sensitive to social and political change. Following the end of the Troubles in (...)

Europe needs Deal Protection

Europe needs Deal ProtectionDeal protection measures aim to limit the costs of negotiation in mergers and acquisitions. By voluntarily stipulating a certain breakup fee in the event a higher bidder arises, the target company will only violate the contract in the event the higher bid is above the deal value plus the (...)

Bitcoin: A fool’s Bubble or the Libertarian’s Anti-Establishment Currency Dream?

Bitcoin: A fool's Bubble or the Libertarian's Anti-Establishment Currency Dream?Brief technical overview Let us begin with a definition of the terms ‘digital currency’ and ‘cryptocurrency’.
Digital currency – any currency that exists on a ledger. This term includes all the world’s major currencies as well as cryptocurrencies. Notes and coins are the physical form of euros, (...)

Private Sponsorship as a viable immigration system

Private Sponsorship as a viable immigration systemImmigration is a highly contentious topic in modern societies, with almost all of the different regimes across the OECD showing failures on some measure. As populist responses increase to rising levels of immigration, a policy solution must exist that assuages the concerns of those who have (...)

The UK labour productivity. Is a new Industrial Strategy needed?

The UK labour productivity. Is a new Industrial Strategy needed?The Chancellor of the Exchequer, Phillip Hammond, presented his Autumn Budget to Parliament on 22 November 2017. Compared to what happened in Spring 2017, this time the Chancellor described a rather uncontroversial nor surprising set of measures. What has instead inspired a national debate is (...)

Regulatory Capture in European Evidence-Based Policy Making

Regulatory Capture in European Evidence-Based Policy MakingThe European Commission has made a commitment to evidence-based policy making when designing regulations to improve Europe’s environmental conditions. The stated objective is that “Commission initiatives and proposals for EU legislation are prepared on the basis of transparent, comprehensive and (...)

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