Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

IREF Europe - Institute for Research in Economic and Fiscal issues

Fiscal competition
and economic freedom


Online Articles

Les pauvres veulent plus de libertés et moins d’aides

Les individus pauvres font confiance au marché. C’est la principale conclusion qui ressort d’une récente étude de la Banque mondiale bizarrement passée sous silence par les médias français. Analyse de Nicolas Lecaussin

Taxation in Estonia

The system of taxation of corporate profits, introduced in 2000 in Estonia, is unique. Under this system the reinvested profit is not taxed, only the distributed profit is taxed. Thus, the taxation is shifted from the moment when profits are earned to the moment when profits are distributed to (...)

Fiscal decentralization in Ireland

Abstract: It has been observed that while the respective theoretical merits of fiscal centralisation and decentralisation are debatable, it is even more difficult to empirically assess the degree of centralisation that exists in the real world. In particular, there is no index of the degree of (...)

The Polish Case – fiscal decentralisation

Abstract: The idea to compare the fiscal decentralisation and trends in this respect in the European countries is a core for the IREF project. This means that the strict rules of measurement of this complex issue, as fiscal decentralisation is, should be applied to all fiscal systems. (...)

Financial Federalism in Germany: Cooperation or Competition?

Abstract: In this article, German federalism is analyzed through its implications for public spending and for public revenue. The structure of government spending and taxation has evolved in the direction of greater centralisation. This tendency reveals itself (1) in the constitutional changes (...)

The British Tax System: Opposing Trends

Abstract: This article points to the highly centralized nature of the British tax system. A first section shows how all tax law derives from Parliament, the “onlie begetter” of legally enforceable instruments. It is suggested that this system is not democratically accountable at sub-national (...)

Fiscal Decentralisation: The Swiss Case

Abstract : Switzerland provides a potential laboratory for testing various hypotheses connected with tax competition because of its extremely decentralized fiscal system. Twenty-six cantons (some of them extremely small) have retained the ultimate power of deciding tax questions, and hence not (...)

The Recentralization of the French Local Finance System

Abstract: The main characteristic of the French local tax system undoubtedly resides in a convoluted structure which impedes any progress in the development of tax competition between local authorities. On the contrary, recent legislative evolutions make obvious a trend of recentralization of (...)

Fiscal Centralization in Central Europe

After the political changes in 1989-1990 Central- and Eastern-European countries went through significant political, judicial, economic and social changes. Although the political and economic transitions have been analized intensively, not too much attention has been devoted for a long time to (...)

Fiscal decentralisation in Spain

Abstract: The arrival of the democratic State in Spain acquired its definitive form, at legal and institutional levels, when the General Courts approved the Constitution on October 31st, 1978, which was ratified on December 6th and sanctioned on December 27th. The establishment of a democratic (...)

Moving Toward a Quasifederal System: Intergovernmental Relations in Italy

Abstract: The paper illustrates the evolution of the territorial system of government in Italy. A traditionally centralized state is turning into a quasifederation. The reasons underpinning this transformation are the growing insatisfaction with the inefficiency of the central government, the (...)

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